Africa is the world’s second continent. Looking to exploring Africa? There are over 5o countries that can be visited by tourists. There are just a few countries that we think they are not safe for tourists and here is a complete guide to travelling Africa including some of the travel tips that will help you stay safe during your holiday.
The astounding beauty of Africa’s many regions has attracted Western explorers, sparked wars and piqued historians’ interests for centuries upon centuries. From the tranquil Mediterranean coast of North Africa to the thriving southern tip of Cape Town, the great continent spans over 10,000 indigenous tribes, more than 500 languages and over 60 independent nations and political territories.
Africa is referred to as the cradle of human life as we know it, being the oldest inhabited territory in the world. Travel through Africa will reveal the modern dilemma of a region pushing forward with globalization and technology at the same time that many cultures and tribes are striving to protect their traditional way of life. In addition to human life, Africa supports the world’s most spectacular collection of rare species and biodiversity. Encountering Africa’s wilderness first hand is not only a radically unique experience, but also a once-in-a-lifetime privilege that future generations may not have the opportunity to share.
Quick Facts About Africa
Are you one of the many people who think that Africa is a country. We’ve got news for you – Africa is actually a really big continent with no less than 53 countries. And the majority of Africans may be black, but that doesn’t mean they share the same culture, speak the same language or even dress the same. But there is a feeling that all the people subscribe to – it’s the pride in being called an African.
Africa straddles the equator and has many climate areas. It is the only continent to stretch from the northern temperate to southern temperate zones. The climate ranges from tropical to subarctic on its highest peaks. Its northern half is primarily desert or arid, while its central and southern areas contain both savanna plains and very dense jungle (rainforest) regions. In between, there is a convergence where vegetation patterns such as sahel, and steppe dominate.
Africa boasts perhaps the world’s largest combination of density and “range of freedom” of wild animal populations and diversity, with wild populations of large carnivores (such as lions, hyenas, and cheetahs) and herbivores (such as buffalo, deer, elephants, camels, and giraffes) ranging freely on primarily open non-private plains. It is also home to a variety of jungle creatures (including snakes and primates) and aquatic life (including
The overwhelming expanse of the African continent is best understood and travelled by region. The different regions in Africa are individually as diverse as the continent in its entirety, and the complexities of the cultures and nationalities leave the unsuspecting traveller dumbfounded.
The predominantly Arabic culture of North Africa enjoys the Mediterranean shore, from the majestic pyramids in Egypt to the enchanting Moorish architecture of Morocco. For the adventurous, the Sahara Desert lies just to the south and brings this region drier, hotter summers compared with its northern Mediterranean neighbours. Along the Atlantic Ocean, West Africa is predominantly comprised of Africa’s savannah’s, known for their exciting wildlife safaris. The west is also home to Africa’s greatest cultural and political diversity, largely a result of the colonial era and the Slave Trade. East Africa is one of the most popular destinations where Africa’s two tallest peaks, Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya, soar imperially above great concentrations of elephants, water buffalo and rhinoceros. Visitors also venture east to explore the Great Rift Valley, a geologic wonder formed by the global movement of the earth’s plates. Southern Africa is a blend of forests, grasslands and deserts rich with diamonds and gold. Travel in southern Africa is unique due to the high population of Europeans and Indians; consequently, a distinct culture of food, music, art and religion has emerged from the blending of traditions.
Growing urban centres, breathtaking national parks and endless encounters with the past is only the beginning of your African travels. Travel to Africa and meet the many faces of our global history. The constant adventure and intellectual intrigue of this multifaceted and ancient continent is a journey that will be cherished for a lifetime.
The mostly desert and often landlocked nations that span the Sahara Desert
Countries in this region: Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Sudan
The tropical Atlantic coastal nations.
Countries in this region: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Cote d’Ivoire, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Nigeria, Congo, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Gambia, Togo
The heart of Africa.
Countries in this region: Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe
The nations that border the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean.
Countries in this region: Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Somalia, Tanzania, Uganda
Nations at Africa’s southern tip.
Countries in this region: Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe